Difference between revisions of "Template:Part 1 (Waterproofing Roofs)"

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Difference between revisions of "Template:Part 1 (Waterproofing Roofs)"

(Hot Works)
(Protected and Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assemblies)
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NOTE: See more information on Protected and Modified Protected Roof Systems in Essential Elements.  
 
NOTE: See more information on Protected and Modified Protected Roof Systems in Essential Elements.  
 
<ol>
 
<ol>
<li><span class="reference">In a '''Protected Membrane Roof Assembly''' ('''PMRA''') the membrane is applied directly to the supporting deck structure or the deck structure overlay (as required and/or specified), and protected from the elements, and from damage, with insulation and an overburden.  In this way, the membrane functions both to waterproof the roof and control air or vapour.</span>  Only RoofStar-accepted Extruded Expanded Polystyrene, or XPS, (conforming to CAN / CGSB-51.20-M87, Type 4) is acceptable for a '''PMRA'''.  <span class="reference">XPS is water-resistant (i.e. resistance to water absorption, moisture transfer, and capillary action), freeze-thaw cycling resistant, and possesses a high compressive strength.</span>  <span class="principles">If a drainage layer is specified, it is typically installed between the membrane and insulation.  An additional drainage layer may be installed above the insulation, together with a filter fabric mat and ballast or overburden.  These three components - a drainage layer, filter fabric and ballast - promote controlled drainage, resist infiltration of contaminants, resist the lifting forces of wind, and counteract the natural buoyancy of the insulation</span>.
+
<li><span class="reference">In a '''''Protected Membrane Roof Assembly''''' (''PMRA'') the membrane is applied directly to the supporting deck structure or the deck structure overlay (as required and/or specified), and protected from the elements, and from damage, with insulation and an overburden.  In this way, the membrane functions both to waterproof the roof and control air or vapour.</span>  Only RoofStar-accepted Extruded Expanded Polystyrene, or XPS, (conforming to CAN / CGSB-51.20-M87, Type 4) is acceptable for a ''PMRA''.  <span class="reference">XPS is water-resistant (i.e. resistance to water absorption, moisture transfer, and capillary action), freeze-thaw cycling resistant, and possesses a high compressive strength.</span>  <span class="principles">If a drainage layer is specified, it is typically installed between the membrane and insulation.  An additional drainage layer may be installed above the insulation, together with a filter fabric mat and ballast or overburden.  These three components - a drainage layer, filter fabric and ballast - promote controlled drainage, resist infiltration of contaminants, resist the lifting forces of wind, and counteract the natural buoyancy of the insulation</span>.
<li>PMRA's are the required roof assembly design for certain types of overburden.  See '''14.1.2 Design''' for '''''RoofStar Guarantee Standards'''''.
+
<li>''PMRAs'' are the required roof assembly design for certain types of overburden.  See '''14.1.2 Design''' for '''''RoofStar Guarantee Standards'''''.
<li><span class="reference">A '''Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assembly''' ('''MPMRA''') is similar to a '''PMRA''' except that a layer of insulation is installed underneath the membrane as well as on top. This may offer cost savings as only the top layer of insulation requires ballast and the bottom layer (mechanically-fastened or adhered) need not be Extruded Expanded Polystyrene and may be tapered to provide slope.</span>  <span class="principles">As a '''general''' rule, two-thirds or more of the total thermal resistance (RSI or R value) should be above the membrane, but in '''all cases''' the ''Design Authority'' should perform the required psychrometric calculations before designing a roof system</span>.
+
<li><span class="reference">A '''''Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assembly''''' (''MPMRA'') is similar to a ''PMRA'' except that a layer of insulation is installed underneath the membrane as well as on top. This may offer cost savings as only the top layer of insulation requires ballast and the bottom layer (mechanically-fastened or adhered) need not be Extruded Expanded Polystyrene and may be tapered to provide slope.</span>  <span class="principles">As a '''general''' rule, two-thirds or more of the total thermal resistance (RSI or R value) should be above the membrane, but in '''all cases''' the ''Design Authority'' should perform the required psychrometric calculations before designing a roof system</span>.
 
</li></ol>
 
</li></ol>
  

Revision as of 17:42, 6 November 2019

1 References

In this Manual, all references to

  1. the British Columbia Building Code or other standards presume the current edition that is in force.
  2. materials are assumed to be Accepted by the RGC, unless stated otherwise.

2 Definitions

In this Manual,

Assembly
means a System in combination with its supporting deck structure (adapted from ASTM D6630-08 Standard Guide for Low slope Insulated Roof membrane Assembly Performance).
Design Authority
means the individual or firm responsible for the issuance of Project specifications and details to which the Project will be bid and constructed. When a Contractor designs a Project, the Contractor is deemed to be the Design Authority.
Contractor (“contractor”)
means the installer of a Project. For the purpose of issuing a RoofStar Guarantee, Contractor shall be read to mean a Member of the RCABC.
Finished Roof Assembly
means the fully constructed Roof Assembly together with, where installed, any paver, ballast or type of Roof Covering (14.1.1 Definitions). See also Roof Assembly and Roof System.
Guarantor
means the RGC RoofStar Guarantee Program, and may be used interchangeably.
Manual
means the Roofing Practices Manual.
Project
means the designed or constructed waterproofing or water-shedding system.
System
means the organization and securement of various interacting materials (apart from the supporting deck structure), designed and installed to prevent the transmission of water through the system into the conditioned space of a building (adapted from ASTM D6630-08 Standard Guide for Low slope Insulated Roof membrane Assembly Performance).
Waterproofing System
means a membrane or liquid-applied system that, regardless of slope, waterproofs a roof or structure at grade. These systems are typically installed on slopes less than 1:4 (3” in 12”).
Water-shedding System
means a roof system that, with sufficient slope, sheds water away from a structure but does not necessarily waterproof it.

Refer to the Glossary for further definitions of key terms used in this Manual.

3 Design

3.1 RoofStar 15-Year Guarantee

  1. To qualify for a RoofStar 15-year (Waterproofing Roofs) Guarantee, each Project must be designed and constructed according to both the RoofStar Guarantee Standards and the membrane manufacturer’s 20-year Material Warranty standards.
  2. The Contractor must apply to the membrane manufacturer for their 20-year Material Warranty and deliver the issued Warranty to the Owner of the Project (with a copy to the Guarantor) upon completion of the Project.
  3. Where enhanced roof system securement is required by the manufacturer, which may exceed the securement required in a Tested Assembly, an Assembly with Proven Past Performance or a custom-engineered securement, the higher securement requirements must be complied with.

3.2 System Types

Designing a good roof begins with the end in mind and an answer to the essential question, “What purpose will the roof serve?” For example, the roof may

  • simply weatherproof the building interior.
  • provide a location for building equipment and services.
  • support liveable spaces.

Each of these functions may limit the choice of membrane assembly.

There are four principal waterproofing assemblies used on roofs:

  1. Uninsulated (insulation may be installed beneath the deck).
  2. Conventionally insulated (sometimes referred to as Compact Roofs).
  3. Protected Membrane (also referred to as “inverted”).
  4. Modified Protected Membrane.


Of course, sometimes the roof deck influences these choices. Regardless of the Design Authority’s starting point, knowing where you are going is the beginning of a successful design.

3.2.1 Conventionally Insulated Systems

  1. In a Conventionally Insulated Roof System, the membrane is the final layer, exposed to the weather. It protects the other roofing components, including insulation, from exposure to water, wind and other weather conditions. Conventionally Insulated assemblies are classified in this Manual by three different methods of attachment (securement) to the roof deck:
  2. Mechanically Attached Roof Systems (MARS)
  3. Partially Adhered Roof Systems (PARS)
  4. Adhesive Applied Roof Systems (AARS)


More about these three systems is offered in 3 SECURING the ROOF ASSEMBLY.

3.2.2 Protected and Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assemblies

NOTE: See more information on Protected and Modified Protected Roof Systems in Essential Elements.

  1. In a Protected Membrane Roof Assembly (PMRA) the membrane is applied directly to the supporting deck structure or the deck structure overlay (as required and/or specified), and protected from the elements, and from damage, with insulation and an overburden. In this way, the membrane functions both to waterproof the roof and control air or vapour. Only RoofStar-accepted Extruded Expanded Polystyrene, or XPS, (conforming to CAN / CGSB-51.20-M87, Type 4) is acceptable for a PMRA. XPS is water-resistant (i.e. resistance to water absorption, moisture transfer, and capillary action), freeze-thaw cycling resistant, and possesses a high compressive strength. If a drainage layer is specified, it is typically installed between the membrane and insulation. An additional drainage layer may be installed above the insulation, together with a filter fabric mat and ballast or overburden. These three components - a drainage layer, filter fabric and ballast - promote controlled drainage, resist infiltration of contaminants, resist the lifting forces of wind, and counteract the natural buoyancy of the insulation.
  2. PMRAs are the required roof assembly design for certain types of overburden. See 14.1.2 Design for RoofStar Guarantee Standards.
  3. A Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assembly (MPMRA) is similar to a PMRA except that a layer of insulation is installed underneath the membrane as well as on top. This may offer cost savings as only the top layer of insulation requires ballast and the bottom layer (mechanically-fastened or adhered) need not be Extruded Expanded Polystyrene and may be tapered to provide slope. As a general rule, two-thirds or more of the total thermal resistance (RSI or R value) should be above the membrane, but in all cases the Design Authority should perform the required psychrometric calculations before designing a roof system.

3.3 Accessibility for Maintenance

3.3.1 RoofStar 15-Year Guarantee

  1. On all new construction Projects, where external access is not provided, all roofs with a field elevation greater than 7500 mm (25’) above grade must incorporate safe, appropriate access to the roof, for example by incorporating stairs and a doorway or a properly located roof hatch. These requirements are recommended for existing buildings to facilitate maintenance and ongoing performance reviews.

3.3.2 All Projects

While the RoofStar Guarantee Standards pertain to the design and construction of a leak-free roof, accessible design is still critical since a roof must be regularly maintained. Therefore, while the following list is not exhaustive, the Design Authority is urged to consider these guiding principles when designing a roof Project.

  1. Any hatch, ladder or mechanical unit should be located a sufficient distance away from the roof edge (setback zone) so that other fall protection measures are not required by those using or accessing this equipment. When it is not possible to situate a hatch, ladder or mechanical unit outside the setback zone, guard rails should be designed for the roof edge to provide additional fall protection for those using or accessing such equipment.
  2. Each roof should be designed to provide safe access for maintenance of roof drains, corners or mechanical equipment, where the roof is at least 3 m (10’) above the surface of the ground, or where a hazard to a person exists, should a fall be possible. This principle also applies to roof areas intended for regular occupancy. Therefore, provide fall protection in compliance with the Building Code having jurisdiction, and with the Workers Compensation Act Regulations, by designing appropriately located
    1. tall parapets.
    2. guardrails.
    3. tie-off anchors.

3.4 Waterproofing Integrity Scans and Electronic Leak Detection

An integrity scan is performed after the installation of the waterproofing roof system, before any overburden, equipment or amenity space is installed on top of it. An integrity scan typically uses low-voltage electrical current to detect even the smallest breaches in the roof membrane, but some waterproofing materials may require the use of other technologies in order to verify the roof system’s integrity. Therefore, Design Authority should specify the appropriate technology, keeping in mind the limitations of each scan and detection methodology, and of the membranes that are specified.

Electronic Leak Detection (ELD) utilizes low-voltage electrical current, typically conducted through wires installed in a grid pattern, and are used in response to a leak, to isolate its location in order to minimize investigation time and material removal. This can benefit a building owner who will have to bear the costs of demolition or overburden removal when the standard limits of coverage afforded by the RoofStar Guarantee are exceeded by the Project design and construction. ELDs may be passive (installed but not monitored) or actively monitored (by the installer, through real-time data collection).

  1. Flood testing (as an alternative to an integrity scan) is not recommended. When flood testing is specified, testing shall be conducted prior to installation of insulation and roof coverings, and must be performed to ASTM D5957.
  2. Neither an integrity scan nor an Electronic Leak Detection (ELD) system are considered Accepted Materials, but firms that provide these services are nevertheless specifically recognized and approved by the RoofStar Guarantee Program.
  3. An integrity scan is required for some Projects (see 1.6 RoofStar Guarantee: Coverage and Limitations), but is nevertheless strongly recommended before the completed roof assembly is covered with overburden, equipment or living (amenity) spaces (see 14.1.2.1).
  4. Electronic Leak Detection is required for all Grade-level Waterproofing Projects, and while it is optional for Waterproofing roofs, installed electronic leak detection is strongly recommended.
    1. for Projects where multiple trades will have access to a roof that is under construction and completed, in order to identify breaches in the waterproofing in a timely way and avoid future costly delays.
    2. when the roof assembly protects a sensitive occupied space (i.e. data centres, hospitals, critical infrastructure).
    3. when the roof supports any type of overburden, equipment or living (amenity) space.
  5. When electronic leak detection is specified, it should provide detection capabilities for the entire waterproofing, and should extend at least 50 mm (2") vertically from the water plane at
    1. all transitions.
    2. any point along the entire deck perimeter.
    3. protrusions.

3.5 Hot Works

When any portion of a waterproofing system is installed with heat, the work is classified as Hot Work. Some tools used in the course of Hot Work can ignite combustible materials, and some building environments are more sensitive to fire than others, such as a building containing or in close proximity to flammable liquids. Hot work may occur during

  • tear off (sparks).
  • deck preparation (drying wet surfaces).
  • cold temperatures (warming materials or surfaces).
  • equipment use (sparks within electrical tools, or from cutting, drilling or grinding metal, concrete, stone or other hard surface products).


  1. The Design Authority may specify that the contractor must maintain compliance with the RCABC Hot Work Program and consequently manage the Hot Work conducted on site.
  2. When the project involves Hot Work, the Design Authority must either}
    1. pre-approve alternate applications already written within the RPM, when the specified application is deemed to be fire sensitive by the contractor as part of the risk assessment process.
    2. provide alternate material and application requirements in the Specification for fire sensitive locations on the Project.


See also 1.4.3 Hot Works.

4 Scope

The Guarantee Standards, Guiding Principles, Recommendations and Reference Materials in this Manual pertain to both new roofing construction and replacement roofing, unless explicitly stated otherwise.

4.1 New Construction

New roof construction must utilize only newly manufactured materials, and may not incorporate recycled products, unless with the expressed, written consent of the RoofStar Guarantee Program.

4.2 Replacement Roofing

As a roof ages, is neglected or is damaged, it may lose its ability to perform reliably and effectively, necessitating replacement. Replacement roofing, also referred to as "re-roofing," whether made in whole or in part, should be undertaken with the Quality Assurance and Quality Control provided for under the RoofStar Guarantee Program. Regardless of the approach to replacement roofing, the existing deck structure must meet the pullout resistance rating for mechanical fasteners, and must be capable of supporting all dead and live loads. Furthermore, the deck must be capable of supporting any additional dead loads of the new roof system.

Three types of replacement roofing are contemplated and permitted (with varying degrees of limitations and conditions) under the RoofStar Guarantee Program:

  • System Replacement - removal and replacement of all roof system components, except for the supporting deck structure.
  • Membrane Replacement – removal and replacement of the roof membrane, while retaining existing roof system components (i.e. insulation, ballast).
  • Recovering - installation of a new membrane over an existing membrane, while retaining some or all of the other roof system materials (NOTE: Recovering is permitted only with a written Variance issued by the RoofStar Guarantee Program).


Qualifying and construction conditions and limitations for each of these replacement options are described below. Other conditions and limitation may be determined by the RoofStar Guarantee Program administration subject to the nature and specifications of the Replacement Roofing Project.

4.2.1 System Replacement

Roof system replacement includes the removal of all components, and must be comply with the RoofStar Guarantee Standards for new roof construction. Subject to the requirements in 6 AIR and VAPOUR CONTROLS, the decision to reuse and repair an existing air or vapour control layer remains the responsibility of the Design Authority.

System replacement Projects qualify for all types of a RoofStar Guarantee.

4.2.2 Membrane Replacement

4.2.2.1 RoofStar 15-Year Guarantee
  1. In addition to the General Requirements for Membrane Replacement outlined below, a Project designed to qualify for a RoofStar 15-year Guarantee must
    1. be supported by the following, submitted in report form to the Guarantor for review and consideration prior to tender:
      1. moisture survey scan performed by a qualified person.
      2. at least three (3) cut tests for roof areas up to 20,000 sf (200 squares), or one (1) cut test for every 2000 sf (20 squares), whichever is more.
      3. one (1) cut test for every 3000 sf (30 squares) of roof area that exceeds the first 20,000 sf (200 squares).
      4. one (1) cut test for each small roof area measuring no more than 200 sf (2 squares).
    2. incorporate new insulation overlays in keeping with the requirements published in 8 INSULATION OVERLAYS.
4.2.2.2 General Requirements

Membrane replacement is a partial roof system replacement, limited to the membrane or materials adhered to the membrane. A written Variance is not needed for this type of Project, but for membrane replacement to qualify for a RoofStar Guarantee,

  1. the Design Authority must be certain the existing roof system is properly secured to the existing deck structure (see 3 SECURING the ROOF ASSEMBLY).
  2. the existing roof system must be demonstrably dry and free of any wet materials (wet materials must be replaced, in order to qualify for a RoofStar Guarantee).
  3. the existing field membrane must be removed and replaced with a new insulation overlay board and a new membrane.
  4. existing membrane flashing must be removed and replaced with new materials.
  5. the design must comply with the RoofStar Guarantee Standards for new roof construction.

4.2.3 Recovering

Recovering - installing a new membrane over an existing membrane - is permitted in certain circumstances for a 5 or 10-Year RoofStar Guarantee, though it is not a recommended practice and will limit the scope of coverage for the RoofStar Guarantee. Recovering does not qualify for a 15-year RoofStar Guarantee*.

Qualifying for a RoofStar Guarantee is subject to the Conditions and limitations listed below, and is permitted only with a written Variance issued by the Guarantor. A RoofStar Guarantee issued for a recovered roof is limited strictly to the value of new roof system materials; existing materials that remain in place beneath new materials do not qualify for coverage under the RoofStar Guarantee.

4.2.3.1 Recovering: Project Qualifications

Any Variance permitting roof recovering must be applied for in writing by the Design Authority, addressed to the RoofStar Guarantee Program prior to the tendering of documents. To qualify for a Variance, the following conditions must be met and confirmed in the written application:

  1. The new roof system must be properly secured to the existing deck structure (see 3 SECURING the ROOF ASSEMBLY).
  2. The existing roof system must be distinct and physically separate from other roof areas.
  3. The request for a Variance must identify the type of roof assembly - Conventionally Insulated, Protected Membrane Roof Assembly (PMRA) or Modified Protected Membrane Roof Assembly (MPMRA).
  4. Conventionally Insulated Assemblies Only: The existing roof system must be independently surveyed by qualified professionals using calibrated moisture detection equipment and cut tests, and the resulting survey shall be formally documented for review by the RoofStar Guarantee Program administration. The following requirements for cut tests apply, based on roof area. All cut tests shall be independently documented for review by the RoofStar Guarantee Program:
    1. At least three (3) cut tests for roof areas up to 20,000 sf (200 squares), or one (1) cut test for every 2000 sf (20 squares), whichever is more.
    2. One (1) cut test for every 3000 sf (30 squares) of roof area that exceeds the first 20,000 sf (200 squares).
    3. One (1) cut test for each small roof area measuring no more than 200 sf (2 squares).
    4. Where the Roof has been constructed with a structurally sloped deck, at least 50% of the required cut tests shall sample roof areas in or near valleys, and areas; samples shall also be taken near roof drains.
    5. Where the Roof has been constructed with a structurally flat deck, samples shall be taken near roof drains and in a random pattern across the roof.
    6. All cut tests for existing SBS-modified membrane roof systems shall be performed to ASTM D7636/D7636M - 11 Standard Practice for Sampling and Analysis of Modified Bitumen Roof Systems.
  5. Existing conventionally insulated roof systems constructed with Expanded Polystyrene insulation (EPS) may qualify for a RoofStar Guarantee, subject to the General Conditions and Limitations below.
4.2.3.2 Recovering: General Conditions and Limitations

In addition to the RoofStar Guarantee Standards found in this Manual, the following additional requirements and conditions apply:

  1. All wet material identified by either the independent moisture detection survey or through cut tests shall be
    1. specified for removal.
    2. removed in the course of construction.
  2. The existing membrane on a conventionally insulated roof assembly must be cut through
    1. in a grid pattern measuring no larger than 6m x 6m (approximately 20' x 20').
    2. around the perimeter of the roof area, no more than 0.2 m (8") from the edge.
    3. A grid-cut field membrane must be overlaid with a mechanically attached insulation overlay board acceptable to the RoofStar Guarantee Program; notwithstanding this requirement, only non-organic and moisture-resistant overlay boards may be used in the Project.
    4. When Expanded Polystyrene insulation (EPS) is present in an existing roof assembly, the existing membrane must be overlaid with at least one layer of 50 mm (2”) mineral wool or polyisocyanurate insulation, in combination with a RoofStar-accepted insulation overlay board (as required).
    5. New membranes must be properly secured to the underlying roof assembly.
    6. Only new strip-in flashings for roof penetrations are acceptable for a RoofStar Guarantee; existing flashings are not permitted.
    7. Only new roof drains are acceptable for a RoofStar Guarantee, and under no circumstances shall existing roof drains be reused. Cast-iron roof drains in usable condition are exempted from this Standard (see 11.1.2.2(3)).
    8. Only new metal flashings are acceptable for installation at perimeters or at membrane terminations, and under no circumstances shall existing metal flashings be reused.

4.3 Hot Works

  1. The Contractor must maintain the requirements of the RCABC Hot Work Program. This includes the following, without limitation:
    1. Insurance Coverage – limits carried on the Contractor’s policy must equal or exceed the minimum requirements set by RCABC, and coverage must be unhindered by warranties that limit or exclude coverage when Hot Work is required.
    2. Education and training – workers who perform hot work must be trained by the Contractor and kept current with acceptable methods.
    3. British Columbia Fire Code – a Fire Safety Plan, preventative methods or alternative work procedures, fire watches, and the use and placement of equipment at the Project site must comply with the BC Fire Code requirements for Hot Work.
    4. Fire Safety Plan – the Contractor must assess the hazards to property and persons and produce a written Fire Safety Plan prior to the start of work. The Fire Safety Plan must be kept on the Project site and must be kept current until the Project is completed.
    5. RoofStar Guarantee Standards – the Contractor must adhere to the RoofStar Guarantee Standards at each juncture where the interface of different membranes applications constitutes part of the Fire Safety Plan.
    6. Fire Watch – the Contractor must, as part of the Fire Safety Plan, conduct a fire watch
      1. that complies with the British Columbia Fire Code.
      2. assigned to competent, trained personnel using suitable equipment, including the use of a hand-held infrared thermometer.
      3. documented in a written fire watch log|| 2020-July-4 }}.
    7. Hot Work Notification – notify the Project authority or the AHJ, as and when required, that Hot Works will be performed.

5 Workmanship

While integrity and functionality of a new roof or waterproofed deck is the foundation of a RoofStar Guarantee, it is no less important to ensure that the end product exhibits excellent workmanship.

5.1 Contractor Qualifications

  1. Supervision and installation of a RoofStar-guaranteed waterproofing roof system may be conducted only by established employees of Contractors, and every project must be supervised by a Journeyperson employee who holds a valid ticket. In keeping with RCABC Membership policy, a Journeyperson may supervise a maximum of three (3) apprentices and/or three (3) labourers (ref. RCABC Policy A-248, Rev. 5 April 2019).

6 RoofStar Guarantee: Coverage and Limitations

A RoofStar Guarantee is available for almost any roof design, provided it is designed and built to the Standards in this Manual. When a RoofStar 15-year Guarantee is specified, only Waterproofing (Roof) Systems and Architectural Sheet Metal (ASM) Roof Systems may qualify, and Waterproofing Roofs must be designed and constructed to satisfy both the Standards in this Manual and the membrane manufacturer’s 20-year Material Warranty; both the RoofStar Guarantee and the manufacturer Material Warranty will be delivered to the Owner when the Project is complete. Nevertheless, there are limitations and conditions. They are listed on the Guarantee Certificate, and include (without limitation) the following (as they are applicable to the type of Project):

  1. Notwithstanding the definition of a Waterproofing or Water-shedding System, the RoofStar Guarantee does not cover the quality, installation or performance of the supporting deck structure.
  2. The RoofStar Guarantee (subject to the limitations described herein or stated on the Guarantee Certificate) is a guarantee against leaks only, caused only by a failure of materials or by Contractor workmanship.
  3. Notwithstanding any of the Guarantee requirements in this Manual, a RoofStar Guarantee will not cover
    1. leaks resulting from
      1. improper design.
      2. overloading.
      3. water entry from other building components (walls, skylights, etc.).
      4. the failure of a drain or flashing supplied or installed by anyone other than the Contractor.
      5. neglected maintenance of the Project.
      6. building air leakage.
      7. modifications to the Project made by anyone other than the Contractor.
      8. changes in building use or occupancy.
    2. drain leaders, which are not considered part of the roof system.
    3. the costs to remove and reinstall irrigation or other services (including, without limitation, electrical and gas services).
    4. replacement (new for old) of any Overburden.
    5. damage or leaks caused by the roots of invasive plant species (for example, certain varieties of bamboo or willow), regardless of measures taken to protect the membrane.
    6. a sacrificial third ply or a coating, used as a walkway or warning zone, as it is not considered part of the roof system.
  4. Overburdens may be installed on conventionally insulated or Protected (“inverted”) roofs, but not all designs are suitable for any type, size or depth of Overburden (see 14 THE ROOF as a PLATFORM). The RGC recommends that a roof supporting overburden be designed and constructed as a Protected Membrane Roof Assembly. The RoofStar Guarantee may be void if a roof is designed and constructed with overburden that exceeds the capabilities of a conventional roof assembly.
  5. Only a fully adhered membrane may be used in a Protected (PMRA, or “inverted”) Waterproofing Project.
  6. Integrity Scans: An Integrity Scan, performed by an RGC-recognized service provider to ensure the waterproofing is leak and damage-free, is required on all Waterproofing roof and grade-level Projects when overburden, amenities or equipment are or will be installed on the completed Waterproofing Assembly by
    1. anyone other than the Contractor.
    2. the Contractor, when the overburden, amenities or equipment exceed 150 mm (6”) in depth.
    An Integrity Scan is not required when the Contractor installs overburden, amenities or equipment equal to or less than 150 mm (6”) in depth.
    See Figure 1.1 for further reference.
    Figure 1.1
    Figure 1.1.jpg
  7. Electronic Leak Detection is mandatory for Grade-level Waterproofing Projects, but optional for Waterproofing roofs.
  8. Pre-curbs and Concrete Features:
    1. When concrete walls or structures are constructed without a pre-curb, all concrete surfaces must be fully and continuously enveloped with the primary roof membrane.
    2. While the application of non‐penetrating bonded tiling or other architectural finishes to the waterproofing membrane is acceptable for a RoofStar Guarantee, and is subject to approval by the membrane manufacturer, the removal, reinstallation or replacement of any bonded finish, in order to investigate and repair leaks under the terms of the Guarantee, is the responsibility of others.
  9. Modifications during the Guarantee Term:
    1. RGC must be notified in writing of any modifications or repairs to the RoofStar-guaranteed Project.
    2. The Owner must ensure that any modifications or repair work done on the Project during the guarantee period is performed to RoofStar Guarantee Standards by a roofing contractor, and is inspected by a RoofStar-accepted observation firm.
  10. Maintenance: the building Owner must ensure that the Project and its components are properly maintained. Debris in drains, caulking on or around metal flashings, and wind scouring of gravel are considered maintenance issues.
  11. Removal and Reinstallation of Overburdens: in order to investigate and repair a leak, the RoofStar Guarantee Program must be allowed to remove Overburdens, to expose the membrane. The RoofStar Guarantee pays for the removal and reinstallation of accessible overburdens only, when they are installed by the Contractor, regardless of the Project design. The cost to remove, care for and reinstall any Overburden that exceeds these limits or conditions, which is inaccessible or which was supplied or installed by others, will be borne by the Owner.
    1. Maximum coverage area: limited to one physically defined Project area (no maximum size)
    2. The RoofStar Guarantee pays for removal and reinstallation of
      1. Extensive vegetated roof systems, provided they are comprised of trays or other recognized modular methods and are less than 150 mm (6”) in depth, exclusive of the plants.
      2. other accessible coverings, provided they are unitized (for example, pavers on pedestals) and do not exceed 1 M2 or 90 Kg (200 lb.) per unit.
      3. gravel ballast and its associated drainage or protection material components, provided the ballast is less than 150 mm (6”) deep.
      4. structures, furnishings or planters provided each item, or any single component of each item, is easily detachable, does not require a specialty trade, and is no heavier than 90 Kg (200 lb).